Archive for category Sudan
Two ECCC accused seek to boycott trial until appeal in earlier conviction concluded: On 18 October 2014, defense attorneys of two former leaders of Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge regime, Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan, stated that they would boycott their client’s genocide trial until appeals were filed on earlier convictions. Defense lawyers for the two accused stated that the boycott was necessary as it would not be possible to finalise the full appeal in the first case while starting proceedings in the second, and would not disrupt the Court because there is a clear time frame; until the full appeals document has been filed in the accuseds’ other case. Both men already have life sentences for earlier crimes against humanity and war crimes. Court officials contemplate that the trial could extend into 2016. (The Wall Street Journal, The Straight Times) (For additional information on this topic, please click here).
Simone Gbagbo’s trial to begin in Ivory Coast on 22 October: On 15 October 2014, it was announced that the trial date has been set for October 22 against 89 individuals, including Simone Gbagbo the wife of former President Laurence Gbagbo who is currently being tried before the ICC for charges of crimes against humanity related to the post-election violence in 2010 and 2011. Mrs. Gbagbo is wanted by the ICC and has been is charged before the Court with crimes against humanity during the same conflict. The charges brought in the domestic trial concern economic crimes, but further charges have been made for ‘blood crimes’ including murder, rape and genocide. The Ivory Coast is a State party to the Rome State, and the government has stated that they will try Simone in domestic court rather than turn her over to the ICC. (Reuters)
Amnesty calls for investigation of war crimes by both sides in Ukraine: On 20 October 2014, Amnesty International accused Ukrainian government forces and pro-Russian separatists of committing war crimes in a report presented in Berlin and London. Amnesty International stated that while the rumors of mass killings and mass graves are not supported by evidence, there have been isolated cases that could constitute as war crimes. Amnesty International urges both sides to investigate these allegations, and to prosecute any parties responsible on both sides. (DW)
ICC indictee Bashir visits Egypt: On 18 October 2014, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir travelled to Egypt to visit Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi. The ICC indicted Bashir in 2009 for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes on the civilian population in Darfur. The ICC issued two arrest warrants for these crimes in 2009 and 2010. The ICC officially requested Bashir’s arrest upon arrival to Egypt. Although Egypt is a signatory to the ICC statute, they never ratified the treaty. (Al Arabiya News, Daily News Egypt) (For additional information on this topic, please click here).
Post author: Aryane Garansi
Former Haitian President Duvalier dies before trial can commence: On 4 October 2014, former Haitian dictator Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier died. HRW has expressed its disappointment in the inability of the Haitian justice system to bring him to trial before his death. According to HRW, this turn in events has deprived victims of human rights abuses of justice and closure. (HRW).
ICC to decide on Ruto, Sang Defense Appeal: On Thursday, 9 October 2014 , the Appeals Chamber of the ICC will hold an open court session to read a summary of its judgment on Mr Ruto and Mr Sang Defence teams’ appeal against the Trial Chamber V decision to grant the Prosecutor’s request to summon witnesses to appear before the Trial Chamber in the Ruto and Sang trial, who were no longer cooperating or no longer willing to testify. (ICC).
Kenyatta to turn over Presidential duties during trial: President Kenyatta plans to temporarily step down as president while attending his ICC hearing. His presidential powers will be assumed by Deputy President Ruto for the time being. President Kenyatta states that he has chosen to appear before the court as a private citizen rather than bring a country of more than 40 million people into another jurisdiction. President Kenyatta faces charges related to the organizing of violent attacks which occurred during the 2007 elections. (For more information, please click here) (Aljazeera, BBC).
ICC urges Saudi Arabia to apprehend Sudan’s Bashir: The ICC has issued an order for the arrest of Sudanese President Omer Hassan al-Bashir. It is believed that he is currently in Saudi Arabia on a pilgrimage. Al-Bashir faces charges of alleged war crimes and genocide committed in Darfur. It is uncertain at this point whether Saudi Arabia will fulfill the request of the ICC as a non-member. (Sudan Tribune).
Bemba Case to hear closing arguments in November: Today, 2 October 2014, Trial Chamber III of the ICC decided that the closing oral statements in the Bemba case will take place during the week of 10 November 2014. Prior to the closing arguments, the Chamber will hear Witness P-169 as of 14 October 2014. Bemba has been charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity having been committed while serving as a military commander. (Hague Justice Portal).
HRW issues report on South Sudan crimes: According to HRW, extraordinary acts of cruelty that amount to war crimes in South Sudan have been committed since fighting began in December of 2013. Government and opposition forces have been called upon by HRW to end the cycle of violence against civilians immediately. There are hopes that the UN Security Council will impose an arms embargo to limit the number of weapons coming into the war torn country. (HRW).
Argentina submits ICJ application against U.S.: The Argentinean government has asked the ICJ to take action against the US over an alleged breach of its sovereignty as it defaulted on its debt. However, no action will occur “unless and until” the US accepts the court’s jurisdiction. (The Guardian).
KRT tribunal convicts and sentences two to life appeals anticipated: Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan have been sentenced to life in prison for committing crimes against humanity related to their role in the country’s 1970 terror. The two men were high ranking officials in the Khmer Rouge government during the “killing Fields” era from 1975-1979. (For additional information on this topic, please click here.) (Aljazeera, UN News).
UN Leaders concerned over recent violence in Iraq: Irina Bokova, a senior UN official, has called for an immediate stop to what she has termed as an “emerging cultural cleansing.” Civilians are currently under attack by ISIL and many remain stranded with limited access to humanitarian aid. More than 200,000 people are believed to have made their way to Dahuk governorate in the Kurdistan region, looking for assistance.
Banda Case scheduled to begin 18 November: Trial Chamber IV of the ICC scheduled the opening of the trial in the case The Prosecutor v. Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain on 18 November 2014. Banda faces three charges of war crimes allegedly committed in Darfur, Sudan. (ICC).
ICC judges reject appeal for interim release in Bemba Trial: On 11 July 2014, the Appeals Chamber of the ICC read a summary of the judgments explaining why, after a thorough examination, it was decided to dismiss the appeal related to the rejection of interim release of Bemba. The dismissal was decided by was of a five judge majority. The two dissenting judges concluded that the matter should be remanded to the Pre-Trial Chamber for a new decision on the each of the suspect5s’ requests for interim release.
Seselj requests court compensation for lengthy detention: Former deputy prime minister of Serbia, Vojislav Seselj, has been in custody since he voluntarily turned himself over to authorities in 2003. Seselj’s trial began in 2006 and he is still awaiting a verdict. He has recently demanded 12 million euros as compensation for what he is calling an unlawful deprivation of his liberty as a result of his nearly decade long detention. (Irish Times).
Security Council, Secretary General call for Israeli-Palestinian ceasefire: The UN Security Council called for a cease fire between the Israelis and Palestinians on 12 July 2014. The Security Council would like to see an immediate de-escalation of the current violence and for both parties to respect international humanitarian law, including the protection of civilians. (For additional information on this topic, please click here). (UN News).
UN Rapporteur condemns ongoing violence against women in Honduras: An independent UN human rights expert has called on the Government of Honduras to address the ongoing violence currently affecting a large population of Honduran women. Honduras is currently in a state of transition and violence against women is on the rise. Such a combination has lead to a lack of resources for victims and a incident underreporting. The report created by the UN expert will be presented to the Council in June 2015. (UN News).
ICC allows Kenyan Human Rights Commission Report on 2007-08 violence: The KNCHR is a controversial document which contains information related to the 2007-08 post-election violence. The report was introduced by Prosecutor Anton Steynberg and tabled at the Waki commission. Transcripts that were used in the preparation of the report were also admitted. (All Africa).
Ruto / Sang trial adjourns to July for final witness: On Tuesday, 24 June 2014, the ICC trial of Kenyan Deputy President William Ruto and radio journalist Joshua arap Sang was adjourned due to the health of a prosecution witness. When the Court resumes in July, the prosecution may present additional witnesses depending on an Appeals Chamber decision. The prosecution sought the compelled testimony of eight witnesses who have refused to testify. (All Africa).
ICTY asks Netherlands and Serbia to comment on possible provisional release of Seselj: The Netherlands, as the host country of the ICTY, and the Serbian government have seven days to comment on guarantees for a possible provisional release of former Serbian leader Vojislav Seselj. Specifically, Serbia must guarantee the former leader will be escorted by authorities at all times, including to his place of provisional release, upon his return to the Netherlands and for any movements for medical reasons. The Serbian government must also ensure Seselj is placed under house arrest and does not contact or influence victims or witnesses. Lastly, Serbia must guarantee that the government can immediately arrest Seselj in the event he violates any of the conditions of provisional release. (InSerbia).
HRW calls for investigation into misreporting of human rights in Sudan by AU / UN: Human Rights Watch has urged the U.N. Security Council to conduct a thorough and independent investigation into alleged cover-ups and inaccurate reporting by African Union / U.N. peacekeepers in Darfur. The call by Human Rights Watch comes two months after a report was published alleging peacekeepers failed to accurately report on the bombing of populated areas and the attacking of villages by the Sudanese government. While noting the dangerous situation peacekeepers face and the pressure from the government, a representative from Human Rights Watch nonetheless finds the accusations “devastating.” (Human Rights Watch).
ICC Prosecutor urges Security Council action in Sudan: ICC Chief Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda briefed the U.N. Security Council this week on Darfur. The Chief Prosecutor expressed concern over the failure to enforce arrest warrants and apprehend suspects. Bensouda urged the Security Council to take decisivie action and bring to justice those accused of crimes against humanity. Bensouda also called for an independent inquiry into recent allegations that the African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfar was engaged in manipulations and cover ups. (For additional information about this topic, please click here.) (UN News Centre, Reuters).
UN Human Rights Council reports ongoing crimes in Syria, Iraq: Human Rights Watch reviewed evidence, including satellite images over the city of Aleppo, from October 31, 2013, and April 2, 2014, that strongly suggest the Syrian government used barrel bombs and other weapons in attacks against civilians. Other evidence showed that armed groups opposed to the government used child soldiers and turned schools into military bases and prisons. Human Rights Watch requested the Commission of Inquiry to take steps to punish those responsible and prevent the serious violations of international law. (For additional information about this topic, please click here.) (Human Rights Watch, Reuters).
Sri Lankan Parliament votes against UN Investigation: A motion rejecting a U.N. investigation into crimes committed in Sri Lanka during its 26-year civil war was approved by the Sri Lankan Parliament on Wednesday, 18 June 2014. 144 out of 225 members of Sri Lanka’s Parliament found the investigation would be “detrimental to the process of reconciliation and peace and [would] erode the sovereignty, dignity and statute” of the country. The motion is not binding on a U.N. investigation. (Washington Post).
UN Human Rights Commissioner Pillay concerned about war crimes in Iraq: Navi Pillay, the U.N. Human Rights Commissioner, released a statement on Monday, 16 June 2014, finding the executions committed by Islamist militants in Iraq to “almost certainly amount to war crimes.” In the past week, the militants seized the northern part of the country and threatened further violence. Pillay condemned the shocking crimes carried out and called for immediate action. (Reuters).
Charles Taylor appeals for prison relocation: Former Liberian President Charles Taylor has filed a motion with the Special Court for Sierra Leone arguing violations of his human rights for being sentenced to jail in the U.K. Taylor claims his family is unable to visit him in the U.K. and that it would be more “humane” for him to serve his sentence in Africa. The former Liberian President was convicted by the Special Court in 2012 for aiding rebels in Sierra Leone. (BBC).
UN report accuses Syrian rebels of crimes against humanity, cites international community for inaction: A new report released by the U.N. Human Rights Council accuses Syrian rebel groups of crimes against humanity. Specifically, the report claims certain non-government groups in al-Ragga province engaged in systematic detentions and torture of ethnic Kurds. The report further condemned the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council for failing to uphold international obligations and take action during Syria’s civil war in which more than 100,000 have been killed. (Deutsche Welle).
ICC witness testifies about ODM plan for post-election violence in Kenya: On Tuesday, 4 March 2014, a prosecution witness in the ICC case against Kenyan Deputy President William Ruto and radio journalist Joshua arap Sang testified to events leading up to the 2007 presidential election. The protected witness claimed leaders of the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) organized secret meetings to encourage voters to reject the rule of the Kikuyus. The witness also testified that Sang used the radio to accuse other tribes of rigging votes. (Standard Digital).
Rights groups call for al-Bashir’s arrest on fifth anniversary of his indictment: Several human rights groups, such as United to End Genocide and the International Justice Project, penned a letter yesterday urging the U.N. Security Council and the ICC to arrest Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir. Yesterday, 4 March 2014, marked the fifth anniversary of the ICC’s indictment against the sitting President for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The letter calls for all member parties of the ICC to “stand for justice and make this year the last year of Bashir’s impunity.” It is estimated some 300,000 people have died and 2.7 million displaced since violence broke out in Darfur in 2003. (kens5.com).
ICJ sets decision date in Japan/Australia whaling case: The ICJ judgment in the case between Japan and Australia over whaling in the Antarctic will be delivered 31 March 2014. Australia brought the issue before the ICJ back in 2010, claiming Japan was engaging in illegal commercial whaling under the disguise of scientific research. The Court conducted a three-week hearing last year. (The Australian).