Archive for category Human Rights Violations

2 December 2014 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

North Korea issues report countering Western human rights allegations:  In response to a report by the UN General Assembly, which recommended referring the DRKP and its leader, Kim Jong Un, to the International Criminal Court to face charges including crimes against humanity, the DRKP issued a rebuttal refuting all claims.  Despite the UN findings, it is expected that China and Russia, DRKP supporters, will use their veto power to keep any charges from being filed against the DRKP and its leader. (IBTimes).

Former Jamaat, BNP Parliament Member held, anticipating charges by ICT-1:  War crimes suspect and former BNP and Jamaat-e-Islami lawmaker Mawlana Sakhawat Hossain, was arrested in Masterpara, of Uttar Khan by authorities and later brought before the ICT-1.  Sakhawat is suspected of being involved in the commission of war crimes during 1971.  It is expected that the prosecution for bring charges of war crimes against Sakhawat as soon as the necessary amount of evidence has been gathered to substantiate such allegations.  (Daily Star).

Egyptian Court refuses corruption charges against former President Mubarak:  An Egyptian court has dismissed charges against President Mubarak in connection with the death of protesters during the 2011 uprising against him.  However, Mubarak will not walk free, hw was found guilty of theft of public funds and will continue to serve the remaining time left of his three-year house arrest sentence.  Discussions of an appeal are underway.  (Aljazeera).

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25 November 2014 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

Croatia considering order for review of Seselj release: The Croatian Parliament is in the process of passing a declaration to condemn the provisional release of Vojislav Seselj by the tribunal and to demand a review of Serbia’s candidacy for EU membership. If passed unanimously, the declaration would serve as strong support to the Croatian ambassador to the UNN during a debate on the work of the ICTY.  (Daje).

UNAMID shuts Darfur office amid tensions: The Sudanese government made a request on Tuesday that UNAMID exit the site where an alleged mass rape by Sudanese troops took place. The foreign ministry said Sudanese authorities closed the UNAMID office because it was outside Darfur and the mandate does not allow for an office in Khartoum.   Discussions are under way to clarify the role of the Khartoum-based office.  (Reuters).

ICT sentences former leader Hossain to death: Mobarak Hossain was found guilty of murder, abduction and torture during the 1871 civil war. He has been sentenced to death, making his the fourteenth death sentence to be handed down by the tribunal. HRW has expressed concern regarding the court’s procedures.  (For additional information on this topic, please click here.) (BBC, Reuters).

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18 November 2014 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

Twelve Bosnian Serbs arrested for alleged crimes against humanity: Bosnian officials arrested 12 individuals Monday suspected of committing crimes against humanity during the country’s 1992-95 war. The arrests come after authorities recently unearthed a Tomascia mass grave near Prijedor where the remains of 1,000 victims have been found since the end of the war. (Reuters).

ICTY Prosecution will not appeal Seselj release: The Serbian Radical Party leader has been in the custody of the ICTY for nearly 12 years. His recent release comes as little surprise given the seriousness of his cancer and the failure of the ICTY prosection to move his trial along. The ICTY prosecutor chief has stated that the delays in the trial are not justified and it was never the intention of the tribunal that the trial would last as long as it has at this point. (b92). 

Gbagbo Trial date set for next July: The former President of Ivory Coast, Laurent Gbagbo, faces charges of murder, rape, attempted murder and persecution. It is estimated that 3,000 people were killed in a civil conflict after he refused to accept an election result. Gbagbo’s trial for crimes against humanity is set for 7 July of next year. (For additional information on the topic, please click here.) (ICC, BBC).

Lubanga Appeal Decision expected in December: Thomas Lubanga Dyilo was convicted of committing, as co-perpetrator, war crimes consisting of conscripting children under the age of 15 years to participate in an armed conflict. A decision in connection with his recent appeal of the verdict will be issued 1 December 2014. (ICC).

HRW alarmed at increasing influence for Egypt Military Courts: President al-Sisi of Egypt has extended the reach of the country’s military courts amongst protestors and other government opponents. Those close to the situation in Egypt view the decree as a step backward toward a more free society.

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10 November 2014 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

UN official says Sri Lanka not cooperating with UN probe: A United Nations human rights spokesman, Rupert Colville, stated that the Sri Lankan government is not cooperating with a human rights inquiry into alleged war crimes during the civil war between Sri Lanka and Tamil rebels. This civil war lasted for decades and finally ended in 2009. Keheliya Rambukwella, Sri Lanka Information Minister, stated that the UN did not consider threats from the Tamil opposition during the civil war. (International Business Times)

Israel responds to ICC Prosecutor’s finding of war crimes: On 6 November 2014, Prosecutor of the ICC, Fatou Bensouda, found that Israel committed war crimes on the vessel Marvi Marmara, during the war in the Gaza Strip. Bensouda stated that the ICC had a reasonable basis for believing that war crimes had been committed, but did not have the “sufficient gravity” to justify further investigation under the Rome Statute. Israel responded by stating that there was not any basis for the preliminary examination to begin with. (Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Criminal Court) For additional information please click here

HRW calls for stay of death sentence and right to appeal for ICT of Bangladesh accused: Muhammed Kamaruzzman, a leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami party, was previously convicted of war crimes during the Bangladeshi 1971 war of independence. Kamaruzzman was sentenced to death, but has not received the full text of the final verdict. The final verdict is necessary for him to lodge a petition for review. Kamaruzzman was transferred to Dhaka Central Jail after the verdict, which could mean that his execution is approaching. The Human Rights Watch believes that Kamaruzzman should be granted a right to appeal. Brad Adams, Asia director at Human Rights Watch, stated that the organization wanted justice and accountability for the crimes that occurred in 1971, but opposes the death penalty in all circumstances. (Human Rights Watch)

Harvard law clinic reports war crimes in Myanmar: The International Human Rights Clinic at Harvard Law School reported that three Myanmar Army commanders committed war crimes and crimes against humanity from 2005 to 2006. The report includes “witness accounts of the events, human rights documents, photographs, and expert declarations.” The International Human Rights Clinic believes that these findings are enough to bring a case before the ICC under the Rome Statute. (JURIST)

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7 November 2014 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

Report says Kony is in Sudan / S. Sudan border area: The Resolve LRA Crisis Initiative and Invisible Children have released a comprehensive report identifying Kony’s movements since 2005. Joseph Kony, leader of the Lord’s Resistance Army charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity, has been reported to be hiding out near the Sudan border at Kafia Kingi. Kafia Kingi is controlled by Sudan, but claimed by South Sudan. The ICC issued a warrant for Kony’s arrest back in 2005, but Kony has evaded arrest. Paul Ronan, director of Resolve LRA Crisis Initiative, calls for the international community and the Sudanese government to take action. Sudanese President, Omar al-Bashir, is also wanted by the ICC for alleged war crimes in Darfur. (The Guardian)

 ICTY grants provisional release of Seselj: ICTY conditionally released Vojislav Seselj, Serbian nationalist leader, for medical treatment for his colon cancer. Seselj is charged with crimes against humanity and war crimes including inciting Serb paramilitary units to commit crime. Seselj turned himself in to the court in 2003 and has spent almost 12 years in ICTY detention. Seselj’s release is conditional upon him not influencing his current trial for war crimes. Should the ICTY summon him, he has to return for trial. (Europe Online Magazine)

 UK Supreme Court allows Rwanda access to witness testimonies on Genocide suspects: Five Rwandans are up for their hearing for their alleged part in the 1994 genocide against the Tutsis. The Supreme Court of the UK has rejected pleas by defense lawyers for Rwandan genocide suspects to bar the Rwandan government from accessing witness testimonies to the court. The Prosecutor-General, Richard Muhumuza, stated this news meant that Rwanda would be able to rebut what the defense has to say. Muhumuza stated any other move would have been unprecedented. (All Africa)

 Dominican Republic withdraws membership from Inter-American Court of HR: On 4 November 2014, the Dominican Republic withdrew its membership from the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. The Dominican Republic decided on this after the court gave the government six months to invalidate the Dominican Republic’s ruling that people born to illegal migrants did not automatically receive citizenship. The court stated that this discriminated against those residents of Haitian decent. (Panam Post)

 Lebanon pays annual contribution to STL: On 6 November 2014, the Lebanese government fulfilled its obligation to fund the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. This is its annual contribution of 36 million dollars. STL Registrar Daryl Mundis welcomed the contribution and thanked the government for its commitment to the tribunal. (The Daily Star)

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30 October 2014 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

ICC rejects Gbagbo application for provisional release: The request by former Ivory Coast president Laurent Gbagbo for provisional release was denied by the ICC on Wednesday, 29 October 2014.  Gbagbo, who faces charges of crimes against humanity, had asked the Court to be briefly released in order to attend his mother’s funeral. ICC judges in a written ruling found they could not grant the request “when doing so runs such a risk of endangering the population in Cote d’Ivoire, Court staff and Mr. Gbagbo himself.” (ABC News).

UN HR Committee urges Israel to investigate crimes committed against Gaza: In a report released Thursday, 30 October 2014, the U.N. Human Rights Committee urged the Israeli government to “thoroughly, effectively, independently and impartially” investigate crimes committed in the Gaza Strip. The report further requested Israel to uphold the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and ensure those most responsible for the alleged violations are prosecuted and sanctioned.  The latest Israel-Palestine conflict this year lasted 51 days and claimed more than 2,100 lives. (JURIST).

Amnesty says war crimes committed by Libyan militia: Amnesty International posted satellite images on its website this Thursday, 30 October 2014, indicating that fighters from both sides of the conflict in Libya have committed war crimes.  Amnesty International also posted a statement finding that “[a]rmed groups have possibly summarily killed, tortured or ill-treated detainees in their custody and are targeting civilians based on their origins or perceived political allegiances.”  The conflict in Libya was triggered in August after armed forces from the western city of Misrata seized Tripoli.  (Reuters).

UN experts calls on UN GA to refer N. Korea to ICC: U.N. human rights expert Marzuki Darusman addressed a committee of the General Assembly on 28 October 2014.  Darusman urged the committee dealing with human rights issues to refer the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the ICC for alleged crimes against humanity.  Darusman was a member of the U.N. Commission of Inquiry on human rights in the DPRK which released a 400-page report in February concerning the situation in the country.  (UN News Centre).

Cases investigated for Syrian war crimes: The Commission for International Justice and Accountability (CIJA) is preparing cases against three Syrian government officials allegedly responsible for serious violations of international law.  CIJA leader William Wiley says the group has reviewed over 500,000 pages of documents and information gathered from defectors and prisoners in Syria.  Where the cases would be heard, however, remains unknown.  Courts in Syria have been unwilling to hear the evidence against the government officials and an ICC referral has been prevented by Russian and Chinese veto power at the U.N.  (Reuters).

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27 October 2014 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

UN official says rape used as weapon of war in S. SudanU.N. Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Zainab Hawa Bangura, stated that the Sudanese government Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Army (SPLA) uses rape as a weapon of war in its current conflict with opposition forces. Bangura stated that women are sent out for firewood and other tasks since men would be killed at SPLA checkpoints, while women are raped at these checkpoints. Bangura stated that sexual violence in conflict could constitute as a war crime or crime against humanity. Bangura has urged government and opposition officials to stop the use of sexual violence and notified both that these crimes will be prosecuted through national and international courts. (Voice of America)

ECCC defense team warned of misconduct and obstructing proceedings: The Trial Chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) has issued warnings to lawyers representing Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan for misconduct in walking out of the courtroom during opening statements on 17 October and for failing to appear at a trial management meeting. The court accused the attorneys of obstructing proceedings for boycotting their clients’ genocide trial. Kong Sam Onn, Khieu Sampan’s Cambodian lawyer, stated they are acting on behalf of their clients’ wishes in order to draft an appeal brief on earlier convictions for crimes against humanity that carried life sentences in prison. Both defense teams have been ordered to be present in court for another trial management meeting set for Tuesday, but Sam Onn stated that they would not appear unless ordered by their client. Under Rule 38, judges have the ability to impose sanctions on lawyers or refer them to their bar associations for disciplinary action, a process that could ban lawyers from appearing before the ECCC. (Cambodia Daily)

Inter-American Crt of HR decision called “unacceptable” and “biased” by State: Last year, a Dominican court ruled that people born to illegal migrants did not automatically receive citizenship rendering many stateless. The Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) gave the government six months to invalidate the ruling stating that it discriminated against Dominicans born of Haitian descent. The Dominican Republic has rejected this ruling calling it “unacceptable” and “biased.” Amnesty International stated that this reaction demonstrates a disregard for international law and the country’s legal responsibilities. The court found abuses against human rights in the Dominican Republic’s Law 169/14, which created two categories of people: those who were registered in the Dominican civil registry and those with undeclared births that labeled them as foreigners. The IACHR found the requirement of having Dominicans register as foreigners as a violation of international human rights law. (Fox News, Amnesty International) (For additional information on this topic, please click here)

Argentinian court sentences 15 to life for crimes against humanity: Argentine Federal Court sentenced 15 individuals to life for crimes against humanity during the Argentine military dictatorship from 1976 to 1983. Four others were sentenced between 12 to 13 years in prison and one was absolved. Soldiers, policeman, and former politicians were among those accused for genocide of Argentinians and the kidnapping and murder of Laura Carlotto, daughter of Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo founder, Estela de Carlotto. These proceedings began in December of 2013 and finished last Friday with the guilty verdict. (teleSUR)

Rwandan opposition leader files complaint at African Court: Victoire Ingabire, a jailed Rwandan opposition figure, filed a complaint in demand of a retrial with the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights. Ingabire was convicted for “conspiracy in harming authorities through terrorism and war,” minimizing the Rwandan genocide, and spreading rumors to incite violence. She was sentenced to 15 years in prison last December. Ingabire wants the court to strike down Rwanda’s laws banning genocide revisionism and spreading rumors. The United Democratic Forces party stated that Ingabire should be freed upon retrial and paid damages for the detention. (Naharnet)

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